Of the prostate cancer treatments available, your doctor will recommend the treatment option which is best for you. The decision will depend on your overall health and also how far advanced your cancer is. In the event that the treatment recommended for you is not anything you are comfortable with, as an illustration you may not be comfortable with external beam radiation therapy; you can give your doctor your opinion. It is crucial that you are at ease with the decision. Discuss it with your family as well, particularly the possible side effects and cure rate.
Oncologists specialize in certain fields. The one you’re referred to will likely be a specialist in the treatment prescribed for you.
Watching and also Waiting
The first strategy in most treatment plans is watching and waiting. The signs and symptoms which may indicate prostate cancer are also indications of other problems just like an infection in or close towards your prostate. Watching and waiting is to determine which condition your symptoms are from.
During this period, blood samples will likely be tested for PSA levels and also tissue samples could possibly be delivered for a biopsy.Elevated levels of the prostate specific antigen may point to the less serious medical problem. This is why a tissue sample may be taken; to verify or to rule out the presence of cancer. Remember that early treatment normally has a better possibility of cure.
Men who would be the best candidates for prostate cancer surgery will be the ones most probably to achieve a successful recovery from the procedure. These are men with good overall health and who do not have secondary conditions which can interfere with recovery like heart problems. Surgery can lead to several serious side effects including incontinence and also impotence.
There are actually 3 different types of radiation therapies. External beam therapy is typically a stream of X-rays aimed at your pelvis from a device outside the body. The X-rays burn away cancer cells through repeated treatments over several weeks.
An alternative external beam therapy is Proton Beam Therapy. Instead of utilizing X-rays, protons, that are charged particles or ions, are streamed at your pelvis, again from a device outside your body.
Brachytherapy is the introduction of several radioactive seeds directly into your prostate. They’re implanted with a series of injections while you are under a general anesthetic.
All of the radiation treatments above work on the principle of burning cancer cells away with high energy particles. Radiation treatment can take place over time, and also is subject to exactly the same side effects as surgery.
Hormone therapy is a method of chemical treatment that seeks to alter your hormone levels to halt or slow the growth of cancer cells. This procedure is temporary simply because most patients develop a resistance to the effectiveness of the injections after about 2 years.
Hormone therapy is not a cure and also is generally recommended if the patient has a higher stage (T-3 or T-4) of prostate cancer. The idea is to prolong the patient’s life and also slow the cancer’s growth.
Cryotherapy is a procedure where, during surgery, your prostate is frozen and also then thawed to destroy cancer cells.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound uses focused ultrasound to heat and also evaporate diseased tissue out of your prostate. The device is aimed utilizing an MRI scan and targeted tissue is heated to 80??C. The result is tissue that could no longer reproduce and so cannot grow any further. Healthy tissue is spared because the effective area of the ultrasound pulse is very small and only a few cubic mm at once can be targeted. It is done on an out-patient basis and also does not affect the quality of life that several of the other treatments do. HIFU also leads to fewer significant side effects than surgery or radiation. HIFU for prostate cancer is very effective and can frequent be used for recurrent cancer. This is not an option, but, once the cancer has spread beyond the prostate.